How Developed Is West Papua Proper Now?

How Developed Is West Papua Proper Now?

Various programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua began in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents must be made notes so that they can be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.


Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid performed an essential function in altering the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the raising of the Morning Star flag, however the flag position must be in a decrease position than the Indonesian flag. His choice drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Legal Aid Basis said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners reasonably than symbols of sure groups.
Wahid provided room for groups opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at the moment was to fulfill numerous parts of society in Papua and watched the first sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations regarding West Papua, Abdurrahman turned the first Indonesian president who occupied a special place inside West Papuans’ heart.

Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Changed the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the Individuals of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and also the daughter of the first president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated varied plans for the construction of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
Every submit-New Order presidential work program reflects President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the federal government’s top priority and is following the 5th precepts of Pancasila, namely "Social justice for all Indonesians". "All Indonesians" means each single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.


Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Special Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a policy that leaders of government positions in West Papua should be native West Papuans
Started the granting of annual particular autonomy funds, at present reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
During his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Particular Autonomy for West Papua to Particular Autonomy Plus. He made a conflict decision plan and intended to proceed a full and extensive development in West Papua.
Throughout the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not yet satisfied with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the following president would continue to concentrate on increasing public confidence in the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security within the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all corporations in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans workers
Opened communication with five major West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
As we speak’s Era: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for conflict resolutions in West Papua. Widodo implemented the One Fuel Worth policy. He considered that a single fuel price is a form of social justice for West Papuans. In his first time period of presidency, he built the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko needs all areas West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.